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Sunday, 31 July 2016

What is Diwali? Why Do we celebrate Diwali?

What is Diwali?

According to the history of Diwali, Diwali is a pristine Hindu festival observed in the late summers or Autumn season or spring season every year on the no moon (Amavasya) day and in the month of Kartik of Hindu Calender to fight with the darkness and lighten up each and every corner this is information on Diwali. Being one of the most important festivals of Hinduism as it has mythological value so is an official holiday in Fiji, Guyana, India, Pakistan, Malaysia, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago. Also known as Deepavali or Dipostva, this Diwali festival has so many tales behind it as this day is the symbol of victory of light over dark or we could say it is the victory of morality over sin, wisdom over ignorance, prospect over discouragement. This is one of the biggest celebration that is celebrated in every house either it's rich or poor. Also, some of the communities like Jains, Sikhs, and some Buddhist celebrate it as we all Hindu celebrate. For not only one but for many reasons.

This festival is not just a one-day celebration but there is lot more about Diwali festival, and it's a five days celebration in the different regions for the various reasons. But we all sure share our happiness and excitement in the same way with our loved ones. We relish the joy of togetherness, enlightenment, traditions and rituals. Numerous emotions, sweets, and dishes, some exciting gifts and uncountable candles and lanterns not only brightens surroundings but also our hearts. The festival falling in the mid of October or November brings an absolute joy to everyone regardless of religion, region, and reason.

Why is Diwali Celebrated? 

Let's know the reason why do we celebrate Diwali? According to different communities festival, here is the list who celebrates Diwali.


As we all know, this is the sign of victory of Lord Ram over evil Ravan who abducted Sita Ji (Ram's wife). All three (Ram, Sita, and Lakshman) returned to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile. This is to honor the return of Lord Ram along with Sita and Lakshman the villagers illuminated their path and relished the power of good over evil.
Just to celebrate the triumph of lights over darkness is not enough there are many other reasons like:- Diwali also marks the return of Pandavas after 12 years of exile and one year of "Agyatavas" according to the mythology of  Mahabharata.

Diwali is correlated to the worship and celebration of Lakshmi, who is worshiped amongst Hindus as the divine goddess of fortune, wealth, and successfulness and is the lady of Lord Vishnu. The 5-day celebration of Diwali starts on the day Goddess Lakshmi was born from the deep cosmic ocean of fluid by the gods and the devils; while the nighttime of Diwali is the time Lakshmi took Vishnu as her spouse, and they were wedded.


Diwali marks the Bandi Chhor Divas, when Guru Har Gobind saved himself and some Hindu sovereigns, from the Gwalior Fort, from the guardhouse of the Mughal ruler, Jahangir, and reached to the Golden Temple in Amritsar. Ever since then, Sikhs marks this day, with the annual lighting up of Golden Temple, firecrackers and other celebrations. In the post-Guru Gobind Singh age, Sarbat Khalsa used to preach on Diwali and Baisakhi to address major concerns about Sikh community.


Diwali has special significance in Jainism. Mahavira, attained Nirvana on this day at Pavapuri on 15 October, on Kartik Krishna Amavasya(No Moon). Therefore, Jains observes the day as the remembering of Mahavira. On the day's morning, Nirvan Prashad is offered after praying  Lord Mahavira in all Jain temples. Gautam Gandhar Swami, the leading disciple of Lord Mahavira, attained omniscience(Kevala Gyan) next the same day.


The Newar community in Nepal, who are Buddhist marks the festival through chorusing mantras and memorizing Ashoka's turning into Buddhism later Kalinga War.

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How TO Celebrate Diwali?

Diwali or Deepawali is not just a one-day celebration It’s actually five days celebration as we all Hindus know it well and in many regions of India. Diwali night is all about lights, sweets, best of all dishes, new clothes, bright lights, family gatherings and lots of fun. But this is not only for a day but for a span of 5 days. Two days before Diwali, Diwali day and continued to next two days.

Day 1 Dhanteras:-
Dhanteras gives a kick start to the five-day carnival. Starting days earlier and through Dhanteras, homes and business premises are neat and cleaned, retouched, renovated and decorated. Ladies and kids adorn the doorways with Rangoli – artistic bright floor designs both inside and in the walkways of their residences or offices. Youths get busy with outside lighting arrangements.  For some, the day marks this day as the birth of Lakshmi – the Goddess of Fortune, wealth and Success, and the birthday of Dhanvantari – the God of Fitness and Healing. On the evening of Dhanteras, Diyas (lamps) are ritually kept lighting all through the darknesses in honor of Lakshmi and Dhanvantari.

Dhanteras is also a significant shopping day, especially for gold or silver commodities. Dealers, merchants, and retailers stock up, put the stuff on sale, and plan for this day.

Day 2 Choti Diwali (Naraka Chaturdasi):-

Narak Chaturdasi is the second day of carnivals and is also popularly known as Choti Diwali. The Hindu novel reveals that the day marks the end of evil; the asura (demon) Narakasura was killed on this day by Krishna, Satyabhama, and Kali. The day is marked by early morning spiritual customs and celebrations followed on.

Day 3 The Diwali day:-

The third day is the foremost gala day. People does the aforesaid preps and then uncountable Diyas are lit, Prayers are offered to Lakshmi, Ganesha, Saraswati, and Kubera. Lakshmi symbolizes fortune and success, and her felicity is invoked for a great time onwards.

After the puja, people go outside and celebrate by lighting up patkhe (fireworks), gatherings are held, sweets are disturbed with happiness and all joys. The fireworks signify the celebration of Diwali as well a way to chase away inauspiciousness qualities like evil spirits. After firecrackers, people head back to a family celebration, conversations, and sweets.

Day 4 Padwa, Balipratipada (Goverdhan):-

 The day after Diwali devotees performs Goverdhan puja in honor of Lord Krishna. The day marks the brave tales of Krishna and the day is also called Ankut on which various people held meal gatherings for poor.

Day 5 Bhai Duj, Bhaiya Dooji:-

The last day of the festival is called Bhai dooj, it is one of the major days of the whole festival. It marks the sister-brother warm relationship, in a manner similar to Raksha Bandhan but with some different customs. It is a day when ladies and teenagers get together, conduct rituals with prayers for the well being of their siblings, then return to a ceremony of food-sharing, gift-giving, and joys

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